Estudio de investigación llevado a cabo por la CELAD junto a la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid y la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, que explica los factores más influyentes en la susceptibilidad al dopaje en atletas de élite. Describe el perfil del atleta más suceptible al dopaje.
The aim of the present study was to develop an explanatory model of doping susceptibility among competitive track and field athletes using a logistic regression analysis accounting for some morality-related variables which were not explored in previous studies. A total of 281 Spanish elite track and field athletes (49.5% women, 48.4% have competed with the national team) completed an online survey measuring different constructs in relation to doping susceptibility. The final model demonstrated that nutritional supplements (OR: 2.39; CI: 1.16–4.90; p < 0.05), moral disengagement (OR: 2.17; CI: 1.48–3.19; p < 0.001), acceptance of gamesmanship (OR: 1.29; CI: 1.12–1.49; p < 0.001), and descriptive norms (OR: 1.21; CI: 1.04–1.41; p < 0.05) are the factors better explaining doping susceptibility. The profile of the athlete at risk of being more susceptible to doping is represented by someone who is aged under 20 years, believes that doping is present in his/her sport, has positive attitudes of acceptance of gamesmanship, is morally disconnected from doping, and frequently consumes nutritional supplements. It is recommended to deliver education related to the use of sports supplements and potential ill-effects of performance-enhancing substances or methods, and to engage athletes in doping prevention programs at an early age.Salto de línea Keywords: doping behavior; moral disengagement; decision making; competitive sport; sport supplementsSalto de línea
Referencia: García-Grimau E, De la Vega R and Casado A (2022) Moral Disengagement, Social Norms, and Motivational Profiles Influence Attitudes Toward Doping Among Spanish Athletics Coaches. Front. Sports Act. Living 4:842959. doi: 10.3389/fspor.2022.842959